Scaling and polishing is to prevent the onset or treat gum disease, reduce bad breath and remove stains on tooth surfaces. After scaling, we will polish your teeth with polishing paste for a clean feel.
The tooth whitening procedure will make your teeth significantly whiter and brighter. It also works if you have severe food, coffee, tobacco or even tetracycline stains. The procedure will not soften or damage enamel. The tooth whitening process is normally painless. A very small percentage of people may experience temporary sensitivity towards hot and cold drinks.
A filling replaces part of a tooth that has been lost due to tooth decay or accidental damage. White (composite and GIC) fillings stick to teeth so they can be used to repair teeth (especially front teeth), which have been chipped, broken or decayed. White fillings strive to be the same colour as teeth. They come in a range of shades so they can be matched as close as possible to the colour of your own teeth and they can be used to reshape and rebuild broken edges or worn teeth. A tooth needs less preparation for a white filling than for a silver filling.
Tooth extraction is performed when you have broken, cracked or excessively decayed teeth. Teeth with advanced gum disease or those that cannot be salvaged with fillings or root canal may also need this. Before tooth extraction, our dentist will perform a dental examination. It may be aided with an X-ray to allow our dentist to evaluate the internal aspects of the tooth, root and bone surrounding it. Our dentist will then formulate a diagnosis as to whether the tooth should be extracted.
Crown A crown is an artificial replacement that fits over the remaining part of a prepared tooth, making it strong and giving it the shape of a natural tooth. A crown is sometimes known as a ‘cap’ and also an ideal restoration for teeth that have been quite badly broken, especially those that have been heavily restored with large fillings due to decay. If a tooth has undergone root canal in the past, a crown is usually recommended by your dentist as this helps to protect the tooth in the future.
Bridge A bridge is a combination of crowns and pontics that replaces missing teeth spaces using the strength of neighbouring healthy teeth. This, like crowns, are fixed (non-removable) and can last a long time with good oral care, giving years of service not unlike natural teeth.
Dentures are removable replacements for missing teeth. They are made out of a variety of different materials including acrylic resin, cobalt chrome or flexible plastic. Well-fitted dentures can correct speech and eating problems resulting from missing teeth. Since they’re removable, you can easily clean them and even soak in a cleaning solution.
Root canal treatment is a process, which eliminates infection that has reached the nerves of the affected tooth. Signs of infection requiring root canal treatment include pain, prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold, tenderness to chewing, swelling and discoloration of the tooth.
During root canal treatment, the infected nerves are removed and the inside of the tooth is disinfected and cleaned. It is then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. The tooth is then restored with a crown or permanent filling for protection. After the final restorations, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
Wisdom teeth is another name for any of four third molars found in the permanent dentition. These teeth are the last or most posterior teeth in the dental arch. Although most people have wisdom teeth, it is possible for some or all of the third molars to never develop. In many individuals, the wisdom teeth aren’t visible because they have become impacted (not normally erupted through the gums), growing sideways under the gingival tissue. An X-ray is usually taken to diagnose this.
Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. They are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures. Implants are imbedded in your bone by surgery. Almost always, implants feel the most like your natural teeth compared to bridges or dentures.
Implant placement can be immediate following an extraction, or may need two separate stages. First, the implant is placed in the jaw. Then after a period of healing, replacement teeth are attached to the implant. Contrary to fearful belief, most implant procedures are quick and painless. No significant downtime is experienced and the patient can resume normal activity within a few hours. Currently, implants provide the best solution in terms of eating strength, comfort and longevity.